Mexican Food 101  


Mexican cuisine is one of the most varied and richest in the world, with a long history that combines indigenous, Spanish and, to a lesser extent, other countries’ influences. It has very representative dishes which, together with its sauces and tequila, are considered world heritage. In addition, Mexican cuisine is characterized by the use of spices and chili peppers, which give it a unique and spicy flavor. This is why preparing any Mexican food recipe is a unique sensory experience that includes a wide variety of flavors, colors and textures.

Cooking Mexican Style


Before venturing into the preparation of any Mexican dish, it is necessary to take some precautions. Below you will find some factors to consider when preparing this type of food:

  • Getting authentic ingredients: For an authentic flavor, it is important to use traditional Mexican ingredients, such as fresh and dried chilis, spices and herbs, such as cumin, coriander and oregano.
  • Achieve a balanced flavor: Mexican food is characterized by a balanced taste between sweet, salty, bitter and spicy. Try to achieve this balance when selecting and mixing ingredients.
  • Apply the correct cooking techniques: Most Mexican recipes call for specific cooking techniques, such as roasting, braising and stewing. Make sure you understand how they are done before you begin.
  • Sauces and garnishes: Sauces and garnishes are an important part of Mexican food. Preparing them fresh and with quality ingredients will enhance the flavor of your dishes. For example the use of rice is very common and is prepared in a special way. If you want to know more about this recipe you can click on the following link:
  • Presentation: This is a very important element in Mexican food. Try to present your dishes with color and contrast, it is no coincidence that the colors of the Mexican flag (red, green and white) are present on the table. Always use herbs and garnishes to add an attractive final touch.

Most emblematic basic dishes

To recreate and enjoy a good representation of Mexico on your table, the following basic and emblematic preparations of Mexican food should be mastered:

Salsa Roja


The Mexican red sauce is a spicy sauce typical of this kind of cuisine, that is made with dried and fresh chilis, tomato, onion, garlic and spices. The ingredients are blended and fried or roasted until soft, then mashed or blended to form a thick, spicy sauce.



This sauce is an avocado paste mixed with ingredients such as tomato, onion, chili, cilantro and lime. It is used as a dip for tortillas or as a spread on tacos and burritos.



Mexican beans are a type of staple food in Mexican cuisine. They are cooked black, red or berry beans and are used in a wide variety of dishes. They are rich in protein and fiber, and are an important part of the diet in many regions of Mexico. They are cooked with spices and can be served as a side dish or as a base for other preparations, such as refried beans.



These are traditional Mexican food dish consisting of corn tortillas filled with a variety of ingredients, such as grilled meat, chicken, fish or vegetables. They can be served with sauces, guacamole and grated cheese. They can be served hot or cold and are very popular all over the world.



The enchiladas are corn tortillas rolled and filled with a variety of ingredients, such as meat, chicken, cheese or vegetables. They are covered with sauce and baked until hot and crispy.



Pozole is a traditional Mexican stew made with cooked white corn kernels and mixed with pork or chicken, seasoned with dried and fresh chilis and spices. Vegetables such as cabbage can also be added. It is served with garnishes such as tostadas, avocado and lime. It is a traditional dish for special celebrations and family reunions.

Chiles Rellenos


This preparation consists of large and soft chilis, usually Poblano type, stuffed with cheese, meat or rice. Then, they are dipped in beaten egg and bread crumbs and fried until golden brown. They are usually served with a tomato or guajillo sauce and guacamole. They are also served with rice and beans.

Traditional Mexican desserts to satisfy your sweet tooth

Mexican cuisine is famous for its bold and spicy flavors, but it also has a rich tradition of sweet treats that are sure to satisfy any sweet tooth. From rich and creamy flan to crispy and cinnamon-dusted churros, Mexican desserts offer a wide range of flavors and textures.

Here are some traditional Mexican desserts that you should definitely try:

Tres Leches Cake: This is a classic Mexican cake that is soaked in three types of milk – evaporated milk, condensed milk, and heavy cream. The result is a moist and creamy cake that is often topped with whipped cream and fresh fruit.

Flan: Flan is a custard-like dessert that is made with eggs, milk, sugar, and vanilla. It is typically served with caramel sauce, which adds a rich and sweet flavor to the creamy custard.

Churros: Churros are fried dough pastry sticks that are coated in cinnamon sugar. They are crispy on the outside and soft on the inside, and they are often served with a side of hot chocolate for dipping.

Buñuelos: Buñuelos are a type of fried dough that is typically sprinkled with sugar and cinnamon. They are often served with syrup or honey for dipping, and they are a popular dessert during the Christmas season.


Mexican Wedding Cookies: These are buttery, nutty cookies that are typically made with ground almonds or pecans. They are coated in powdered sugar, which gives them a delicate and sweet flavor.

Cajeta: Cajeta is a type of caramel sauce that is made with goat’s milk. It is often used as a topping for ice cream or other desserts, and it has a rich and sweet flavor that is perfect for satisfying a sweet tooth.

In conclusion, Mexican cuisine is a vibrant and diverse culinary tradition that offers a wide range of flavors and textures. From savory tacos and enchiladas to sweet and creamy desserts, Mexican food has something to offer everyone. By understanding the key ingredients and spices used in Mexican cooking, as well as the cultural and historical context of different dishes, you can develop a deeper appreciation for this rich and delicious cuisine. So the next time you’re looking for a delicious and satisfying meal, consider trying some authentic Mexican food – you won’t be disappointed!